Fear of heights (acrophobia) is one of the most prevalent phobias out there. It doesn’t seem like a big issue in and of itself, but many people struggle with it in their day-to-day lives. It’s a both irrational and rational fear, because being afraid while looking down from a high place is perfectly normal. It’s an evolutionary defense mechanism that keeps you safe. However, people suffering from acrophobia have it worse: they get intense panic attacks while looking out of the window (in their own home, for example), while inside a tall building, inside an elevator or escalator. They cannot cross a bridge, they can’t climb a ladder. Granted, these things might not happen every single day, but that’s an irrational fear that should be treated.
The most common physical reactions to the heights include: increased heart rate, nausea, trembling, dizziness, headache, increased/decreased breathing, high body temperature. If you think that the aforementioned severe physical responses can only happen when people are placed in a situation related to heights, you’re wrong. These can be caused by thinking, imagining or even anticipating the situation, which makes the issue all the more serious.
Standard treatments include exposure therapy, aimed at desensitizing them. While it may be helpful, people should pay more attention to the recent breakthrough: tadalafil therapy. The recent studies and their findings can lead to the development of a brand-new, incredibly effective treatment for anxiety disorders. The tests included dummy pills, the other test subjects were given a specified dosage. The results were shocking: adding the right tadalafil dosage to exposure therapy resulted in a significantly bigger reduction in acrophobia.
What Does It Mean for the Future?
The results, obviously, can have far-reaching consequences. By adjusting the dosage, depending on how intense the fear is, the researchers can come up with solution for several other common phobias, including arachnophobia, ophidiophobia, aerophobia, cynophobia, trypanophobia, and agoraphobia. Overall, phobias are one of the most common types of psychiatric disorders and they can affect someone’s health and well-being. Potentially breakthrough findings like these are incredibly important.